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Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru's visit to Denmark in 1957 laid the foundation for a friendly relationship between India and Denmark that has endured ever since. The bilateral relations between India and Denmark are cordial and friendly, based on synergies in political, economic, academic and research fields. There have been periodic high level visits between the two countries.

Visit of Prime Minister of Denmark (4-8 February 2008): Mr. Anders Fogh Rasmussen, former Prime Minister of Denmark, accompanied by a large business delegation, paid a State visit to India from February 4-8, 2008. He visited Infosys, Biocon and IIM in Bangalore and Agra. During his visit, Mr. Rasmussen called on the President, met PM, Chairperson UPA and EAM. He launched an 'India Action Plan', which called for strengthening of the political dialogue, strengthening of cooperation in trade and investments, research in science and technology, energy, climate and environment, culture, education, student exchanges and attracting skilled manpower and IT experts to Denmark for short periods.

Visit of Prime Minister of Denmark (11 September 2009): Danish Prime Minister Lars Lokke Rasmussen paid a one day Working Visit to India on 11 September 2009 as Host of the COP15. He met Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh and discussed climate change, regional and bilateral issues.

Inaugural Meeting of India-Denmark Joint Commission: Danish Foreign Minister Ms. Lene Espersen visited India on 14-15 December 2010 to Co-Chair with Minister of External Affairs Mr. S.M. Krishna the Inaugural Meeting of the India-Denmark Joint commission which was set up under the Agreement signed between the two countries in February 2008. The two sides discussed key areas of bilateral cooperation as well as regional and global issues of importance to both counties. The two Ministers signed the Agreed Minutes of the Joint Commission meeting encompassing bilateral cooperation in wide range of areas including political, economic and commercial, science and technology, biotechnology, information and communication technology, renewable energy, environment, shipping, agriculture and fisheries, education and culture, UNSC reforms, terrorism, reforms of the international financial institutions, disarmament, piracy, etc. It was agreed to set up three new Joint Working Groups on (i) Shipping; (ii) Food, Agriculture and Fisheries; and (iii) Environment. The two sides also agreed to convert the three joint committees established earlier into Joint working Groups, viz. (i) Biotechnology; (ii) New and Renewable Energy; and (iii) Labour Mobility. During the visit Ms. Espersen also met Minister of Commerce and Industry Mr. Anand Sharma and National Security Adviser Mr. Shiv Shankar Menon.

Danish Foreign Minister led a 17-member business delegation. She inaugurated a business seminar "Indo-Danish Business Days" on energy and cleantech organised by the Confederation of Danish Industry in collaboration with the Confederation of Indian Industry and Embassy of Denmark. She also visited a number of business establishments in sectors like IT, pharmaceutical, energy and environment. During the visit, an Indian pharma company Vimta Labs announced its plans to establish its European headquarters in Copenhagen (Medicon Valley). Danish defence goods producer Terma and Bharat Electronics Ltd signed a contract for supply of radar systems, including transfer of technololgy. A Danish architecture company 3XN also signed a contract with Rohan Developers to design and develop a new estate area in Mumbai.

Important Bilateral Treaties and Agreements:

  • Technical Cooperation Agreement – 1970

  • Bilateral Agreement on an Integrated Fisheries Project at Tadri, Karnataka - 1981

  • Bilateral Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (BIPA) 1995

  • Protocol on Avoidance of Double Taxation (DTAA) - 1995

  • MOU for cooperation between CII and Confederation of Danish Industries – 1995

  • Protocol on Foreign Office Consultation - 1995

  • Joint Business Council Agreement between FICCI and the Danish Industry (DI) - 2002

  • MOU on Biotechnology for Bilateral Cooperation – 2004

  • Agreement for establishment of a Bilateral Joint Commission for Cooperation – Feb 2008

  • MOU for Cooperation in New and Renewable Energy – Feb 2008

  • Arrangement on Gainful Employment for Family Members of the Diplomatic Mission or Consular Posts – Feb 2008

  • MOU on Clean Development Mechanism – Oct 2008

  • MOU on Cooperation in the area of Environment – September 2009

  • MOU on Labour Mobility Partnership – September 2009

  • Social Security Agreement – February 2010

Bilateral Visits: India to Denmark (2008 onwards)


Minister of State for New & Renewable Energy, Mr. Vilas Muttemwar

7-9 April 2008


Minister of Overseas Indian Affairs Mr. Vayalar Ravi

28-29 Sept 2009


Minister of State for Envirionment & Forests, Mr. Jairam Ramesh

9-11 Oct 2009


Minister of State for Envirionment & Forests, Mr. Jairam Ramesh

15-17 Nov 2009


Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh (for COP15)

17-18 Dec 2009


Minister of Water Resources, Mr. Salman Khurshid

8-9 Jun 2011


Parliamentary delegation led by Speaker of Lok Sabha, Mrs. Meira Kumar

16-19 Jun 2011


Minister for Food Processing Industries, Mrs. Harsimrat Kaur Badal

24-25 Aug 2017

Denmark to India (2008 onwards)


Prime Minister Mr. Anders Fogh Rasmussen

4-8 Feb2008


Minister of Climate & Energy Ms. Connie Hedegaard

4-6 Feb 2009


Minister of Environment Mr. Troels Lund Poulsen

18-21 Feb 2009


Prime Minister Mr. Lars Lokke Rasmussen

11 Sept 2009


Minister of Climate & Energy Ms. Connie Hedegaard

22-23 Oct 2009


Minister of Climate & Energy Ms. Lykke Friis

5-7 Feb 2010


Minister of Employment Ms. Inger Stojberg

15-17 Feb 2010


Minister of Transport Mr. Hans Christian Schmidt

18-22 Jun 2010


Minister of Foreign Affairs Ms. Lene Espersen

14-15 Dec 2010


Minister of Economy and Business Affairs Mr. Biran Mikkelsen

3-7 Jan 2011


Minister for Energy, Utilities and Climate Mr. Lars Christian Lilleholt

10-13 Jan 2017


Minister for Transport and Housing Mr. Ole Brik Olesen

20 Feb 2017


Minister for the Environment and Food. Mr. Esben Lunde Larsen

3-5 Nov 2017


Minister for Public Sector Innovation Ms. Sophie Lohde

23-26 Nov 2017


Foreign Minister Mr. Anders Samuelsen

27-30 Nov 2017


Important streets and public places named after Indian leaders: Gandhi Plaene (Gandhi Park), located at the junction of Borups Alle and Hvidkildevej in Copenhagen. Has a bronze statue of Mahatma Gandhi in sitting posture. City of Aarhus has a Nehru Road near Aarhus University.

Visa requirements for officials: Holders of diplomatic and official passports do not require visa to enter Denmark. Others require a visa. Visa may be required to transit through other EU countries while travelling to Denmark. The details and types of visas issued to tourists, businessmen and students are available on the Danish Embassy's website.

Air links with India: Air India has announced a direct flight between New Delhi to Copenhagen and vice versa commencing from 16th September 2017 three days a week. Finnair operates direct flight to India via Helsinki and Jet Airways through Amsterdam. Convenient links to get an Air India flight to India are from London, Paris and Frankfurt. Other connections are via Vienna, Moscow and Istanbul.

Estimated NRI/PIO: The size of the Indian community in Denmark, inclusive of both NRIs and PIOs, is 11,627 (as on 13.02.2017).

Commercial and Economic Relations: Though small in size, Denmark is a rich country with an open economy which relies heavily on foreign trade and investment to generate high level of income. It has a GDP of about US$ 335 billion (2013 estimate).

Bilateral Trade
Bilateral trade of commodities between India and Denmark has increased from US$1077.8 million in 2009 to US$ 1129 million in 2016. Bilateral commodities trade figures for the year 2009 to 2016 is given below.


(in US$ million)


India's Exports

India's Imports

Total Trade

Growth Rate (%)

India's BoT urplus

















































[Source: Statistics Denmark]

Indian exports to Denmark increased by 5% from US$ 667 million in 2015 to US$ 701 million in 2016. Major Indian Exports to Denmark are articles of apparel and clothing accessories,  Textile yarns and made up fabrics, travel goods and handbags, Organic Chemicals,  General Industrial Machinery and Equipment, iron and steel, Miscellaneous manufactures articles,  footwear and Furniture and parts thereof, bedding, mattresses etc.

Danish exports to India increased by 11% from US$ 384 million in 2015 to US$ 428 million during 2016. Major Danish Exports to India are medicinal and pharmaceutical products, general industrial machinery and equipment, electrical machinery, Machinery specialized for particular industries,   metalliferous ores and metal scraps, chemical materials, Professional, scientific and controlling instruments, organic chemicals, power generating machinery and iron and steel etc.

India's Services exports to Denmark were valued at US$ 774 million in 2016, which was 7% higher than 2015 figure of US$ 725 million (Source: Statistics Denmark).

The combined commodities and services bilateral trade between India and Denmark was US$ 2,827 billion in 2016 as compared to US$ 2,803 billion in 2015. India’s combined commodities and services trade to Denmark was US$1,475 billion in 2016 compared to US$1,392 billion in 2015, while Danish combined trade was US$1,352 billion in 2016 compared to US$ 1,401 billion during the year 2015. India enjoys trade surplus in commodities, Denmark has balance of trade in its favour, as far as services is concerned.

According to Statistics Denmark, the Danish FDI in India were US$ 906 Million in 2016, US$ 758 Million in 2015,  US$ 854 in 2014, US$731 million in 2013, US$931 million in 2012 and US$877 million in 2011 respectively. Major Danish investments in India have been made in sectors such as manufacturing, trade and transport, financial and business services.

The Indian investment in Denmark were US$ 59 Million in 2016, US$ 30 Million in 2015, US$71 Million in 2014, US$89 Million in 2013, US$103 Million in 2012 and US$112 Million in 2011 respectively (Source: Statistics Denmark).

Major investing companies from Denmark include the Danish Shipping giant, the AP Moller – Maersk Group who has made significant investments in the port infrastructure in India, acquiring a major equity stake in the Gujarat Pipavav Port, development of a bulk terminal at the Jawaharlal Nehru Port to a container terminal, Cheminova Agro, F. L. Smidth& Co., Danfoss, CHR Hansen, Danisco, LM Glasfiber, Lundbeck, Egmont International Holding, Novozymes, Novo Nordisk, Carlsberg, Ramboll, ISS and others.

The presence of Indian companies in Denmark is rather small. Among IT companies, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) and L&T Infotech have their offices in Denmark since 1990 and 2000 respectively. In the last few years, other Indian IT majors, viz., Infosys Technologies (invested in Aarhus based start-up UNSILO) , ITC Infotech, Tech Mahindra, HCL and Wipro have also started their operations in Denmark. Reliance Industries Ltd. acquired 'TreviraNeckelmann', a textile factory producing specialised yarns located in the Danish town of Silkeborg, as part of its take over of the European 'Trevira Group' from Deutsche Bank in June 2004. Thermax India acquired Danstoker A/S, Denmark, a leading European boiler manufacturer and its German subsidiary, Omnical Kessel for Euro 29.5 million in November 2010.Suzlon Energy Ltd., the Pune-based wind turbine producer, opened its overseas marketing office in Aarhus in Denmark in 2005. Dr. Reddy' Laboratories Ltd. (DRL) has entered into a co-development and commercialization agreement with Denmark-based firm Rheoscience A/S for joint development of balaglitazone for treatment of Type 2 Diabetes. Novozymes and Praj Industries have entered into an agreement whereby Novozymes would provide enzymes that will enable the Indian company to refine the process for making bio-ethanol – an organic and carbon-free alternative to petrol.Indian IT  companyWipro acquired Danish owned global strategic design firm Designit in June 2015.

Visit of Commercial delegations to Denmark:

GTECH delegation: A delegation from the Group of Technology Companies (GTech) visited Denmark on May 09-10, 2011. The objective of the visit was to give Indian ICT companies based in Kerala an exposure to the Danish ICT environment, explore business prospects and facilitate networking opportunities.

Capexil delegation: A delegation from the Chemicals & Allied Products Export Promotion Council, consisting of 11 members, visited Denmark on May 23-24, 2011 as part of a Scandinavian tour to strengthen the trade relations. The aim was to interact with Danish importers of their respective products as well as relevant trade bodies and industry associations.

Sikkim Cooperative Milk Producers Union delegation: A 10-member strong delegation from the Sikkim Cooperative Milk Producers Union, headed by Dr. P. Senthil Kumar, Managing Director & Member Secretary of the Union, visited Denmark from 6-10 August 2012. The purpose of the delegation was to meet the representatives from the Danish Agriculture & Food Council and visit Arla Foods factory and a Danish organic dairy farm.

Manipuri delegation: A 7-member delegation from the State of Manipur visited Denmark in connection with a training programme on Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) at DHI, Denmark from 17-22 September 2012. The delegation was headed by Mr. T. Ibobi Singh, Project Director, Loktak Development Authority.

IIM Kolkata delegation: A 9-member delegation comprising of senior officials from ONGC and Rashtriya Chemical Fertilisers undergoing Advance Management Programme(AMP) at IIM, Kolkata visited Copenhagen on 30-31 October, 2013. During their stay, the delegation had meetings with HaldorTopsøe A/S, a Chemical Company and A.P. Møller – Mærsk, Shipping/Oil drilling company. They also visited Copenhagen Business School (CBS) for discussion on various business related issues.

A 27-member delegation comprising  senior officials from ONGC undergoing Senior Management Programme (SMP) at IIM, Kolkata visited Copenhagen on 18-20 February 2014 as part of their study curriculum that included possibilities of collaboration in niche areas of Danish expertise like solid waste management, renewable energy etc. .During their stay, the delegation visited the premises of two leading Danish companies -A.P.Moller-Maersk, Shipping/Oil drilling company and Dong Energy power Company and held discussions on issues related to their field of operations.

A 30 member delegation comprising of senior officials from ONGC along with two Professors of IIM, Kolkata visited Copenhagen on 27th -31st January, 2015 as part of Advance Management Programme(AMP) course curriculum conducted byIIM, Kolkata for senior executives. They visited A.P. Moller Mærsk headquarters, State of Green (DI), Copenhagen Business School, Danish Technical University and Danish consulting company Ramboll. Ambassador also gave a briefing to them about Denmark

A 30-member delegation comprising senior officials from ONGC along with two Professors of IIM, Kolkata visited Copenhagen on 18th-20th May, 2015 as part of Advance Management Programme (AMP) course curriculum conducted by IIM, Kolkata for senior executives. They also visited A.P Moller Mærsk Training Center in Svendborg and Confederation of Danish Industries (State of Green).They were introduced to renewable energy and Bio Mass related company visits to have business related discussions. Ambassador also gave general briefing to them about Denmark.  The delegation members were impressed with the presentation made by Danish companies.

NASSCOM delegation: A 19 member team of NASSCOM delegation led by Vice Chairman Mr. B.V.R. Mohan Reddy visited Denmark from 19th to 20th May 2014. Ambassador Shri Niraj Srivastava hosted a reception for the visiting delegation at the chancery on 19th of May. Prominent Danish companies and Indian IT companies established in Denmark were invited for the evening and they interacted actively with the visiting delegation.

A 22 member NASSCOM delegation visited Denmark on 30th April 2015. A reception was hosted at the Chancery where they inter-acted with Ambassador Niraj Srivastava and representatives of some IT Indian companies. The delegation was briefed about possible and potential business opportunities in the IT sector.

CII delegation: A 15 member business delegation mounted by Confederation of Indian Industries visited Copenhagen on May 4th 2016. Delegation of 10 Indian Companies Dr. Rajiv I Modi chairman and Managing Director Cadila Pharmaceuticals Limited was accompanied by Mr.Rajesh Bhardwaj, Director and Mr.Umesh Kumar Singh, Business Development Manager from Effibar India Pvt. Ltd, Mr. T Balakrishnan, Managing Director, Inkel Limited, Dr. Kiran Kumar Kurilla, Joint Managing Director, Rahyals Envergy India Pvt. Ltd, Dr. M. Lakshmi Prasad, Managing Director, Sujay Biotech Pvt. Ltd., Mr.Neeraj Menon and Mr. Yogesh Singh, Partners from Trilegal, Mr. Carl-Henrik Hallström, Head of Nordic Region, Wipro Technologies, Mr.Krishnendu Ghosh, Senior Manager, Larsen & Toubro Infotech, Mr. Vikash Roy Chowdhury,Country Manager,Tech Mahindra. From the CII side it was led by Ms. Kavita Choudhry, Regional Director- Europe and Mr. Mohsin Khan, Deputy Director (Europe). Ambassador Rajeev Shahare briefed the delegation on India Denmark Relations and potential business opportunities.

The program also included a speech by Mr. Jens Holst-Nielsen, Director , Confederation of Danish Industry and Dr. Rajiv I Modi. A B2B meeting was organized in which around 25 to 30 Danish Companies signed up to meet the Indian Delegation were matched. The delegation also had an interactive session with The State of Green by its Executive Director Mr. Finn Mortensen, followed by presentation from Cluster and Association representatives from CLEAN, Danish Agricultural Council and Medicon Valley Alliance.

The Delegation was invited by the Danish Trade Council by Ambassador Susanne Hyldelund, Head of Danish Trade Council at the premises of Danish Foreign Ministry. Innovation Fund Denmark briefed its activities by its Director Mr. Peter Høngaard Andersen, Mr. Ulrik Fleischer Michaelsen from the law firm Njord detailed the delegation on benefits of opening operation in Denmark, Mr.Thomas Højlund Christensen, Commercial Director,Invest in Denmark addressed the Delegation on opportunities in Denmark, Mr. Ib Albertsen, Investment Fund for Developing Countries ( IFU) addressed the delegation on funds operations in India and possibility to get viable business project funded through them in India in Collaboration with Danish Companies.

CEUCCI delegation: A 13 member The Council of EU Chambers of Commerce in India organised a visit of a Business Delegation to Copenhagen, Denmark from 31st May to 1st June 2017. With special interest in sectors such as Pharmaceutical, Education, ICT, Logistics, Healthcare, Auto, Energy etc. The Objectives of the Delegation were to explore trade & investment opportunities and to form partnerships and collaborations with small and medium sized enterprises that form the stronghold of European Businesses.

An MOU to further cooperation in trade between The Council of EU Chamber of Commerce and Confederation of Danish Industries was signed facilitated by the Embassy. Cluster/Associations like State of Green, Copenhagen Capacity, Copenhagen Electric, Danish Ship-owners Association, The Manufacturing Association of Denmark, Investment fund for Developing Countries (IFU) and Indian Danish Chamber of Commerce (IDCC) were introduced to the visiting delegation. Indian Ambassador Rajeev Shahare met the Indian Delegation during a reception held at the Chancery participated by other Danish Companies.

Minister for Food Processing Industries Visit
H.E. Mrs. Harsimrat Kaur Badal, Minister for Food Processing Industries, Government of India led a high level delegation comprising senior officials of the Ministry of Food Processing Industries to deliver a keynote address at the World Food Summit organized by the Danish Government. A business delegation from Rasna, Rabo Equity Bank, E&Y India, FSSAI and representatives from the Confederation of Indian Industry accompanied the Minister to Copenhagen from 24-25 August 2017 to engage with the Danish food processing industry on the achievements / investment opportunities in India and to promote a flag ship event in India “World Food India”, being organized by the Ministry of Food Processing in New Delhi from 3-5 November 2017.   During the visit, the Confederation of Danish Industries organized a Business Round Table with a large group of Danish Food Processing Companies on 24rd August 2017 at their premises. On 25th August the Indian delegation was hosted by Danish Food and Agricultural Council for a Round Table at their office to interact with the Danish food processing companies which are interested to do business with India. About 50 Danish food processing companies participated in both the events.

Denmark agreed to be a Partner country in World Food India and a Business Delegation of 19 Food processing companies and two organizations participated in the World Food India held from 3rd to 5th November 2017 in New Delhi. The Danish business delegation was headed by Danish Minister for the Environment and Food, H.E. Mr. Esben Lunde Larsen.

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